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DINOSAURS

THE EVER LIVED CREATURES(UNIQUE CREATURES)

DINOSAURS:These animals belong to a group of animal kingdom known as reptiles(reptilia).They occupy both aquatic,terrestrial and aboreal habitats.

       During scientific researches,it was proved that these animals has been out of existence  for over 3 million years.further researches ,it was made and it was also found that these animals had existed during the dayz of noah  and his ark .This was because they did'nt enter into the ark before the flood .That is why there fossils (remains such as bones) can be seen and through the use of carbon-12 can be made possible tp prove or know the exact range of years it had exist.

There are many but few classes of dinosaurs to be mentioned here:-

dino      dino

ALLOSAURUS                  CARNATUARS(Deadly)

dino  EDIMONTANIAdino             JAINOSARUS

                                                    dinoBASBOLDIA dino                  

                                                                                                                                        BRONTOSAURUS       

DISCOVERY IN CHINA:- A recent discovery in China features an extraordinarily well preserved horned Psittacosaurus dinosaur from the early Cretaceous with skin covering much of its skeleton. Large parts of the skin are preserved as a thin dark layer, where the skin has been transformed into a dark carbonized matter.
The most unusual feature, and the reason for the excitement among paleontologists about this fossil, is the presence of about 100 large bristle-like structures on the tail. These structures are restricted to a 10 inch (24cm) long stripe along the top part of the tail, over 14-15 of the tail vertebrae. When they are examined under ultraviolet light they show the same fluorescence as the preserved scales of the skin. This indicates that they might have been keratinized - this means the bristles were most likely made out of the
same material that makes up your  fingernails….

DISCOVERY IN AFRICA:

Discoveries in Africa show that some dinosaurs lived in mangrove swamps similar to those that exist today in Florida

Dinosaur Behavior and Communication:

for over 2000 years ,scientist have investigating about the behaviour  and  communication of these so called dinosaurs through there fossils and pre-historic ages by passege of air through there buccal cavity.

TIGER

                                  TIGER(PANTHERA TIGRIS)

This animal is one of the strongest specie in the panthera specie.it is always identified by the black stripes emerged round the body.it not normally seen these dayz in any canal forest.if mostly dominate the East Africa,Australia and other prominent forest regions of the world,like amazon forest.

Length: Body 5-8' long, tail 24-40"; 268-572 lb.

Habitat: Grasslands and savannas; woodlands and dense bush.

LIONS

                 LION(PANTHERA LEO)
Lions
eat everything from tortoises to giraffes, but tend to hunt the prey they grew up eating, and food choices differ among prides. Lions are the only truly sociable cats. Prides include from 2 or 3 to 40 lions. Pride members perform a greeting ritual upon meeting; they rub their heads and sides together, with tails looped high, while making friendly moaning sounds. Females are lifelong residents of their mothers' territories, unless food is too scarce and some are forced to leave.

Look For: A very large, robust cat, with a smooth tan coat. Tail long, with black tassel at tip. Male develops mane beginning in third year; varies individually from blond to black. Cub has brownish spots that fade by 3 months but may persist on belly as adult...

BLUE WHALE

                               BLUE WHALE (BANAELOPTERA MUSCULUS)
The Blue Whale is not only the largest animal in the world today, it is the largest animal that ever lived, bigger even than the dinosaurs. This giant, weighing up to 200 tons (400,000 pounds), feeds on tiny sea creatures called krill; the largest Blue Whales may eat 12,000 pounds of krill a day! By 1960 this incredible animal had been hunted almost to extinction. There were once perhaps 200,000 Blue Whales in the world's oceans; today there may be about 5,000.

Look For: A very large whale, light bluish-gray above, with gray or grayish                                                                      

                                                      
Related Species:
animal
Northern Right Whale
Balaena glacialis
animal
Gray Whale
Eschrichtius robustus
animal
Humpback Whale
Megaptera novaeangliae

PACIFIC WHITE-SIDED DOLPHIN

The Pacific White-sided Dolphin, also known as the Lag, White-striped Dolphin, and Hookfin Porpoise, is sometimes seen in herds of up to several thousand but usually travels in groups of 10 to 50. It is often seen leaping clear out of the water while it swims. Large numbers of Pacific White-sided Dolphins were killed in the past when they were caught in large drift nets meant for tuna and other fish; that type of fishing is now illegal.

Look For: A dolphin with a curved back. Has a black-and-white belly. Rides the bow waves of ships.
Related Species:
animal
Bottle-nosed Dolphin
Tursiops truncatus
animal
Saddle-backed Dolphin
Delphinus delphis

 

Length: Body up to 8' long.

Habitat: Coastal waters to 100 miles out to sea.

Range: Alaska to southern California.

ELEPHANTS...

POLAR BEAR

                                      Polar Bear 
                                      (Ursus maritimus )

As the name implies,this type of animal live in the polar regions of the world (Snowy or ice regions of the world).it can be identified by the presence of furs on the  body,which acts as an insulator to trap cold air.

The Polar Bear may be active at any time of the day or year, searching for prey on long summer days and sometimes on long winter nights. Because the hairs of its waterproof coat are hollow, they both hold in heat and increase the bear's buoyancy when swimming. An excellent swimmer, it paddles with the front feet only, hindfeet trailing -- a trait unique among four-footed land animals. It eats mainly young seals and Walruses.

Look For: A large white bear with a long neck and small ears.
 
Related Species:
animal
Black Bear
Ursus americanus
animal
Grizzly Bear
Ursus arctos


Length: Body 7-11' long.

Habitat: In and about waters where seals are plentiful. Sometimes seen on tundra, but never too far inland.

Range: Arctic Canada and Alaska.

SUN BEAR

I. DESCRIPTION:
Smallest bear, length about 4.5 feet. Height at shoulder of 2.5 feet. Two-inch tail not easily seen. Weight 60-140 pounds. Coloration of sleek black fur with yellow crescent-shaped breast mark, grayish or orange shortened muzzle. Stocky build. Forearms incurved. Feet are large with strongly curved claws and naked soles. The ears are rounded and short. Head is short and flat with small eyes.

II. GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Asia, Burma through Southeast Asia, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo. May reach northern China and northeastern India. Dense tropical and subtropical forests at lower elevations.

III. DIET:
Omnivorous, using front paws for most of feeding activity. Trees are torn open in search of wild bee nests and for insects and their larvae. Also eat rodents, lizards, small birds, fruit, soft growing parts of palm trees and honey.

CHEETAH

                                       Cheetah 
                                   (Acinonyx jubatus )

As it can be seen in the picture.Cheetah belongs to a group of mammals with zoological name Acinonyx jubatus.This wildcat runs faster than the fleetest prey, with a top sprinting speed of 70 miles per hour or 136km/hr! However, it can't keep that speed up for long, so it stalks its prey and gets as close as it can before making an all-out sprint. Unlike other wildcats, the Cheetah hunts almost entirely in daytime. It is a skilled hunter and successfully lands its prey about 40 percent of the time.

Look For: A large, swaybacked cat with a yellowish-tan coat heavily spotted with solid black dots, and a black "tear stain" below each eye. Long tail spotted, with black rings near end; tip white. Thin waist; long, thin limbs.

Length: Body 3'9"-5' long, tail 26-34" long; 77-143 lb.

Habitat: Open and partially open savannas.

Range: Africa, mainly south of the Sahara.

Mountain Lion
Puma concolor (Felis concolor)

The Mountain Lion, also called the Puma, the Cougar, the Panther, and the Catamount, feeds mostly on deer. The only two other food items it consistently eats are, surprisingly, porcupines and grass. Today Mountain Lions live mainly in western North America. Some, however, live in the Florida Everglades, where they are called Florida Panthers.

Look For: A large yellowish-tan cat with a very long black-tipped tail.
 


Length: Body 4-6' long, tail 21-37"; 75-275 lb.

Habitat: In the West, open forests where Mule Deer are plentiful and people are few. In Florida, remote swamps and thickets (the Everglades).

Range: Western North America from British Columbia to Texas; also in Everglades area of Florida.

                                              
Related Species:
animal
Ocelot
Felis pardalis
animal
Jaguar
Panthera onca


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